The cruciferous family of vegetables has generated a lot of interest in the health world due to their cancer-fighting compounds. This leads many gardeners to wonder what are cruciferous vegetables and can I grow them in my garden. Good news! You probably already grow at least one (and likely several) types of cruciferous veggies. Cruciferous vegetables belong to the Cruciferae family, which mostly contains the Brassica genus, but does include a few other genera. In general, cruciferous vegetables are cool weather vegetables and have flowers that have four petals so that they resemble a cross.
In most cases, the leaves or flower buds of cruciferous vegetables are eaten, but there are a few where either the roots or seeds are also eaten. Cruciferous vegetables are unique because they are rich in sulfur-containing compounds called glucosinolates which support detoxification and indole-3-carbinol which greatly reduces the risk of breast, colon and lung cancer.
Here is a list of the cruciferous vegetables:
- Bok Choy
- Brussel Sprouts
- Collard Greens
- Mustard greens
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